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Why Fluoride is Important for Your Teeth Fluoride is a naturally occurring mineral found in water and many foods. Every day, minerals are added to and lost from the enamel layer of the tooth through two processes known as remineralization and demineralization. The enamel layer of the tooth loses minerals when acids formed by plaque bacteria and sugars in the mouth attack the enamel. Minerals such as calcium, fluoride, and phosphate are redeposited to the enamel when we consume food and water. Tooth decay occurs as a result of demineralization without adequate remineralization. Fluoride prevents tooth decay by boosting the tooth’s resistance to acid attacks which include sugars and plaque in the mouth. Fluoride thus will help to undo tooth decay. Fluoride is included in the development of permanent teeth in children who are under six, making it hard for the acids to demineralize the teeth. Fluoride also assists in quickening the process of remineralization and reducing the production of acid in teeth that have already erupted in both adults and children. Fluoride may be used right to the teeth through fluoridated toothpaste and mouth rinses. Mouth rinses that have fluoride in lower concentrations can be bought over the counter. If one needs a stronger concentration, they have to get a prescription from a dentist. A dentist may also apply fluoride in their office for a gel, foam or varnish. These therapies have a greater degree of fluoride compared to that found in mouth rinses and toothpaste. Additionally, there are fluoride supplements which are available in tablet or liquid form and the pediatrician, dentist or family doctor has to prescribe them. It is critical that infants and children who are between six months and sixteen years are exposed to fluoride. In this time frame, the primary and permanent teeth develop. However, adults also benefit from fluoride. New studies have shown that topical fluoride which is found in fluoride treatments, mouth rinses, and toothpaste are as vital in strengthening growing teeth as in fighting tooth decay. There are those who have a greater risk of experiencing tooth decay who’d benefit a lot from fluoride treatment. They include individuals with gum disease also known as periodontitis, those with dry mouth conditions, those with a history of cavities that occur often and those that have crowns or braces.
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Fluoride is efficient and safe when used as instructed by the dentist, but it may be dangerous if consumed in high doses which are at toxic levels. For this reason, it is crucial that parents supervise how their kids use products that contain fluoride. They ought to take precautions to keep fluoride products from the reach of their kids, particularly those that are under sixteen. More to this, excess fluoride may lead to defects in the tooth’s enamel.The Key Elements of Great Health